WUAs (Water Users' Association)

Many schemes had some form of WUA for many years and were working in one form or another; there are some schemes where WUAs are in existence but had to be reorganized.  In such a situation, there is an equal possibility of having or not having a well-developed WUA capable of handling the subproject activities meant for support.  Therefore, the level of capacity building varies from WUA to WUA. Moreover, past experiences show that the WUAs are generally active during the construction phase of the project development and passive after its completion. This lacuna prompted the project to identify the need for some sort of support to WUAs in the post construction period as well.


SEMP(Social and Environmental Management Plan)

  • Preparation of SEMP reports were carried at the concerned IDD/IDSD/GWIDDs and approved by the Office of Project Director (OPD). SEMP identified and assessed the social and environmental issues/impacts resulting from the proposed implementation activities and prepared a management plan with mitigation measures including the cost of mitigation, monitoring, auditing and capacity building.
  • Field visits for monitoring of the compliance of mitigation measures for the SEMP identified issues/impacts was carried out by the TA team at the regional and central levels. A third party monitoring of SEMP activities was commissioned by the OPD. Third party monitoring documents on SEMP compliance in selected SPs in three ecological belts were prepared.
  • The issues identified in SEMP were implemented during subproject construction works. However, a review of SEMPs and field monitoring revealed that a total of 102 environmental and social issues were pinpointed and 178 mitigation measures implemented in the subprojects.
  • The 14th IRSM workshop that was held in Dec 2015 in Pokhara reviewed the SEMP implementation modalities and discussed experiences gained from the IWRMP implemented subprojects. There were 3 WB review missions and a support mission during 2012-2013 focusing on environment and social aspects and monitoring of SEMP implementation. Following the recommendation from the review mission, the quality of the SEMP reports at the end of OS and subsequently for the AF subprojects improved. 
  • The major safeguard issues raised in the SEMPs of the OS subprojects of IWRMP showed considerable variations. Compatible mitigation measures were proposed with allocation of budgets. Analysis carried out on the basis of monthly reports and field monitoring of all the three development regions indicated a satisfactory level of SEMP implementation in the subprojects.